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中英对照 | 鲍勃·迪伦的诺奖演讲

文章来源:网络 作者:留学编辑 发布时间:2016-12-15 10:10 关注度:

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导读:2016年诺贝尔颁奖典礼于12月10日在瑞典举行,文学奖获奖者鲍勃·迪伦缺席典礼,但他向诺奖委员会发送了一份演讲稿,由他人代为朗读。

  2016年诺贝尔颁奖典礼于12月10日在瑞典举行,文学奖获奖者鲍勃·迪伦缺席典礼,但他向诺奖委员会发送了一份演讲稿,由他人代为朗读。
 
  美国女歌手、诗人帕蒂·史密斯(Patti Smith)代为领奖,并演唱鲍勃·迪伦1963年经典作品《A Hard Rain s a-Gonna Fall》。
 
  帕蒂和迪伦在70年代成为好友
 
 
  当晚,帕蒂·史密斯以白衬衫黑西装登台,为现场的1500名观众演唱迪伦名曲《暴雨将至》。两分钟后,帕蒂因情绪激动而突然暂停演唱,她连连向观众致歉:“我感到抱歉,我太紧张了。”观众对这位70岁的“朋克教母”回以热烈的掌声。演出随后继续,在第四分钟又出现短暂的忘词,但帕蒂和伴奏乐队仍继续表演。整个表演持续了八分钟,帕蒂渐渐进入状态。
 
  在诺贝尔奖颁奖典礼上演唱鲍勃·迪伦的歌曲其实是帕蒂·史密斯的临时安排。早在今年九月,她就接到瑞典学院邀请,在颁奖礼上表演。她原计划演唱自己的作品,但在迪伦获奖之后,她觉得唱迪伦的作品会更加合适。帕蒂说自己从十几岁开始就追随迪伦的脚步,他对自己影响至深;能在这样的场合演唱迪伦的歌,她感到无比感恩。两人1975年初次相见后结为挚友,并有多次合作和巡演。
 
  ------------------------------------------------------------
 
  以下是该演讲稿的英文全文:
 
  Good evening, everyone. I extend my warmest greetings to the members of the Swedish Academy and to all of the other distinguished guests in attendance tonight.
 
  I'm sorry I can't be with you in person, but please know that I am most definitely with you in spirit and honored to be receiving such a prestigious prize. Being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature is something I never could have imagined or seen coming. From an early age, I've been familiar with and reading and absorbing the works of those who were deemed worthy of such a distinction: Kipling, Shaw, Thomas Mann, Pearl Buck, Albert Camus, Hemingway. These giants of literature whose works are taught in the schoolroom, housed in libraries around the world and spoken of in reverent tones have always made a deep impression. That I now join the names on such a list is truly beyond words.
 
  I don't know if these men and women ever thought of the Nobel honor for themselves, but I suppose that anyone writing a book, or a poem, or a play anywhere in the world might harbor that secret dream deep down inside. It's probably buried so deep that they don't even know it's there.
 
  If someone had ever told me that I had the slightest chance of winning the Nobel Prize, I would have to think that I'd have about the same odds as standing on the moon. In fact, during the year I was born and for a few years after, there wasn't anyone in the world who was considered good enough to win this Nobel Prize. So, I recognize that I am in very rare company, to say the least.
 
  I was out on the road when I received this surprising news, and it took me more than a few minutes to properly process it. I began to think about William Shakespeare, the great literary figure. I would reckon he thought of himself as a dramatist. The thought that he was writing literature couldn't have entered his head. His words were written for the stage. Meant to be spoken not read. When he was writing Hamlet, I'm sure he was thinking about a lot of different things: "Who're the right actors for these roles?" "How should this be staged?" "Do I really want to set this in Denmark?" His creative vision and ambitions were no doubt at the forefront of his mind, but there were also more mundane matters to consider and deal with. "Is the financing in place?" "Are there enough good seats for my patrons?" "Where am I going to get a human skull?" I would bet that the farthest thing from Shakespeare's mind was the question "Is this literature?"
 
  When I started writing songs as a teenager, and even as I started to achieve some renown for my abilities, my aspirations for these songs only went so far. I thought they could be heard in coffee houses or bars, maybe later in places like Carnegie Hall, the London Palladium. If I was really dreaming big, maybe I could imagine getting to make a record and then hearing my songs on the radio. That was really the big prize in my mind. Making records and hearing your songs on the radio meant that you were reaching a big audience and that you might get to keep doing what you had set out to do.
 
  Well, I've been doing what I set out to do for a long time, now. I've made dozens of records and played thousands of concerts all around the world. But it's my songs that are at the vital center of almost everything I do. They seemed to have found a place in the lives of many people throughout many different cultures and I'm grateful for that.
 
  But there's one thing I must say. As a performer I've played for 50,000 people and I've played for 50 people and I can tell you that it is harder to play for 50 people. 50,000 people have a singular persona, not so with 50. Each person has an individual, separate identity, a world unto themselves. They can perceive things more clearly. Your honesty and how it relates to the depth of your talent is tried. The fact that the Nobel committee is so small is not lost on me.
 
  But, like Shakespeare, I too am often occupied with the pursuit of my creative endeavors and dealing with all aspects of life's mundane matters. "Who are the best musicians for these songs?" "Am I recording in the right studio?" "Is this song in the right key?" Some things never change, even in 400 years.
 
  Not once have I ever had the time to ask myself, "Are my songs literature?"
 
  So, I do thank the Swedish Academy, both for taking the time to consider that very question, and, ultimately, for providing such a wonderful answer.
 
  My best wishes to you all,
 
  Bob Dylan
 
  ---------------------------------------------------------
 
  中文翻译版本:
 
  迪伦的获奖感言由美国驻瑞典大使代为朗读。
 
  以下为他的获奖感言中文版:
 
  我很抱歉,我不能到现场与你们一起共享此刻,但是我很确定收到如此盛大荣誉使我内心倍感荣耀。被授予诺贝尔文学奖是我从来不敢想象或者能期待的事情,从很小的时候,我便已经熟悉和阅读那些被诺奖认可的伟大的文学作品:吉卜林、托马斯·曼、赛珍珠、加缪、海明威。其作品被陈列在学校教室、在世界各地的图书馆、在虔诚的读者印象中,而我现在加入了其中,这份喜悦让我无以言表。
 
  我不知道,这些作家是否真的想象过自己能获得诺奖,但我猜当他们创作出一部小说、一部诗集、一部戏剧时,在很深的地方已经隐藏了这个内心秘密,这个心绪藏得如此之深以至于他们自己都不知道。
 
  如果有人告诉我,我有那么一丝希望获得诺奖,那我会认为这跟我能站在月球上的概率是差不多的。事实上,从我出生以后,几乎没有哪个获奖者是完全不受世人质疑的,我想我的获奖也会被归入到非常罕见的那部分。
 
  当我在世界巡演过程中收到获奖信息时,我花了好一会儿去确认这个信息,我当时就想到了那位在文学史上拥有伟大形象的莎士比亚,我想他认为自己是一位剧作家,他认为他写的文字并非是进入文学,而是为戏剧舞台而生,是为了言说而不是阅读,当他在写《哈姆雷特》时候,他一定在想这些问题,“谁是适合演这个角色的演员?”“演出资金到位了吗?”“舞台现场足够容纳观众吗?”他的创作才华当然无可置疑,但他还是需要去关心这些问题,甚至在他脑海中最遥远的一个疑问是,“这是文学吗?”
 
  当我十几岁大的时候开始写歌时,我开始对自己创作歌曲的能力有了一些认知,而对未来的期待也只是希望歌曲能够在咖啡厅或酒吧被人听到,最多是到卡内基音乐厅,如果让我梦想更大些,我希望我的音乐能被制作成唱片在电台播放,这真的是对我最大的褒奖了,拥有唱片在电台播放意味着我将接触到更庞大的听众群体,并且这将鼓励我一直按照自己的理想走下去。
 
  是的,我有幸一直在做我为自己规划好的事情,我发行了几十张唱片,在全球举办了上千场大大小小的音乐会,我的音乐是我一生最核心的中心,我也感激在不同的现场演出中看到不同文化带给观众的享受。
 
  但我要说,为50000人演奏和为50人演奏是完全不同的,50000人更像一个简单的角色,而50人却能呈现出不同的个性,他们能表达出更清晰的诉求,你必须付出自己最大的才能去征服他们,事实上,诺奖评委的数量比这还要少。
 
  然而,与莎士比亚一样,我常常被音乐创作和日常杂事占据了大部分时间精力,“谁是更适合唱这首歌的人?”“这个录音室更适合这张专辑吗?”“我唱的音准对吗?”400年过去了,有些事并没有变化。
 
  并且,我不止一次的问自己,“我的歌曲创作是文学吗?”
 
  要感谢瑞典文学院,不仅愿意去考虑如此复杂的问题,还最终给出了如此精彩的回答。
 
  授奖词:鲍勃·迪伦改变了我们关于诗歌可以是什么
 
  在典礼上,诺奖评委霍拉斯·恩格道尔发表了对鲍勃·迪伦的授奖词。以下为全文:
 
  “国王和王后陛下、王子殿下、在座女士们和先生们,是什么带给了世界文学伟大的转变?通常是某些人抓住一个简单的、被忽略的艺术形式(它并不被认为是高深的),并将其改变。如此一来,在某些时刻,轶事和信件就发展为现代小说,街头圆桶板台上的杂耍就发展为剧场演出,地方语的唱腔废黜了拉丁诗歌,拉·封丹把关于动物的寓言和安徒生童话从童谣发展为法国高蹈派诗歌。每当这些事件发生时,我们对于文学的理解也发生了变化。
 
  就此而言,一位歌手和词曲作者现在来领取诺贝尔文学奖,并不应该成为令人惊讶之事。在遥远的过去,所有的诗歌都被用来演唱或配乐吟诵,诗人被称为史诗吟诵者、民谣歌手和吟游诗人,“歌词”(lyrics)一词出自“里拉琴”(lyre)。但是鲍勃·迪伦所做的并非是回到希腊、普罗旺斯等古典音乐,相反,他将他的全部身心投入20世纪美国流行音乐,即那类在电台播出的音乐,以及为普通人(无论是白人还是黑人)录制的唱片:它们包括抗议歌曲、乡村音乐、蓝调、早期摇滚、宗教音乐和主流音乐等。他日日夜夜地听歌,用他的乐器尝试新的创作,他一直在学习。而当他开始创作类似的歌曲时,这些歌曲变得俨然不同——在他的手中,这些素材发生了变化。从别人的传家宝或是被遗弃的废物,从平庸的韵律和机灵妙语,从脏话和虔诚的祈祷,从空洞的蜜语和粗劣的笑话中,他淘出了诗歌中的金子。是有意为之还是出于偶然?这并不重要。所有的创造都始于模仿。
 
  即便在50年不间断的聆听后,我们还需要开始领会《漂泊的荷兰人》在音乐世界中的对应物。“他制造了美妙的节奏。”一位评论家在解释他的伟大时说。这是正确的。他的韵式如炼金术一样化解旧内容,创造出人类大脑几乎无法容纳的新内容。这让人震撼。在公众惯于听到流行式乡村音乐时,一个抱着吉他的年轻人站在舞台上,将街头语言与《圣经》熔于一体,制成一种让世界尽头看上去如无用的复唱一样的混合物。
 
  与此同时,他以一种如此确信的力量歌唱爱,让所有人都希望拥有这种力量。突然之间,我们世界里的许多书呆子气的诗歌让人觉得贫血,而与其相比,他的同行所写的那种惯行公事的歌词就像老式火药比之炸药发明。很快,人们不再将他和伍迪·格思里、汉克·威廉姆斯作比,而是将他与布莱克、兰波、惠特曼及莎士比亚并列。而且这一切是在最不可能的环境中完成的——在商业化的留声机唱片时代——他将一种升华的形式回馈给诗歌语言,这种形式自浪漫主义时代就消失了。不是为了歌唱永恒,而是为了讲述围绕于我们身边的事物,就好像德尔菲的神谕在播报晚间新闻。
 
  通过授予鲍勃·迪伦诺贝尔奖来认可这一革命,这是一个仅在事前看来大胆的决定,现在已觉顺理成章。但是他获奖是因为他撼动了文学体制吗?不完全是。有一个更简单的解释。这一解释,我们与所有那些带着悸动的心,在他永不停歇的演唱会舞台前等待那个富有魔力的声音的人共享。尚福说,当一位如拉·封丹一样的大师出现时,文类的等级——关于文学中孰大孰小、孰高孰低的评价——便失效了。“当一件作品的美隶属最高等级时,作品的等级又有什么意义呢?”他写道。这是对于为何鲍勃·迪伦属于文学的最直接的回答:因为他的歌曲之美隶属最高等级。
 
  以他的成就,鲍勃·迪伦改变了我们关于诗歌可以是什么,以及诗歌可以如何作用的观点。他是能和古希腊的歌手,和奥维德,和浪漫主义幻想派,和蓝调之王和王后,以及那些被忘记的优秀大师们相提并论的歌唱家。如果文学界有人发牢骚,要提醒这些人的是,神灵不会写作,他们舞蹈和唱歌。瑞典学院的美好祝愿将伴随迪伦先生未来的演出。”


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